Croatia is an old world producer of wines. The Greeks introduced wine to the country around 2,200 BC and winemaking has flourished ever since, despite invasions, occupations, world wars, the rise of Communism, and internal conflicts.
Croatian wine production is divided into two designations: Continental or interior wineries, and Coastal, or those wineries that are located near Croatia’s coastline of over 1,100 miles.
In 2012, Croatia’s wine production was divided among four regions: Dalmatia, Istria and Kvarner, the Uplands, and Slovonia and Danube. These regions have been subdivided into 12 subregions, and feature 66 appellations.
Today, Croatia has 17,000 registered vine growers cultivating 59,000 acres, growing grapes for 800 wineries. Croatia has 64 indigenous grape varietals, but the country also produces many international varietals, such as chardonnay, sauvignon blanc, merlot and cabernet sauvignon. Croatia is ranked 30th in volume of production.
Most of its wines are sold domestically, and export markets, particularly in northern Europe and in the United States began to evolve after the country declared its independence in 1991.